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Knee Pain

In this article, you will find a summary of the types of knee pain and associated diseases.
The location of pain in the knee joint varies depending on which knee structure is problematic.
Why is this pain happening?
If we understand the location and character of the pain, we understand how important the problem is.
Pain in the knee joint protects you. The joints of people who feel little pain deteriorate rapidly by excessively eroding. This condition occurs in some neurology and dialogy patients. These painless, but cluttered joints are called Charcoat joints.
Everyone knows that there will be no pain without cause, and so it would not be a very smart strategy to take painkillers and continue to act when knee pain starts... The pain of which begins to come out very soon.
When a new pain starts in the knee joint, it should be seen as a warning not to walk. Your body warns you of a deterioration it has not yet repaired, and your distress will not be reduced if you turn off this alarm that starts to sound only by taking painkillers and continue to push the knee. The value of beginn pain is that you have the possibility of an early treatment. Simply treating the pain and avoiding treating the cause means that there will be more waste of time in the future than in your life.
Biological Knee Brace
In the face of pain, you may also see swelling of the knee joint. This swelling is also a defense of the body. There is a membrane that wraps around the knee joint, which is called sinovia. (syn-similar ovia-eggs; This name is given because it is like the thin membrane of the egg and the white substance that protects the extract inside. )
Your body inflates the knee membrane and releases fluid into it, and gives you some kind of 'biological knee brace'. In the first moments, with the help of this biological knee line, the injuries inside the knee joint are repaired cells. The balance of this epidemic can be deteriorated in some cases, and when this secreted fluid becomes as annoying as the disease, it also need to be treated. Seeing swelling in the knee should of course create a concern, but it should be noted that swelling itself is a protection mechanism.
What does this pain tell me?
There may be similar pains in different situations, the severity of pain for different people may also be different for the same disease. It should be said that pain here is a very complex mathematics. The location of some pain in the knee joint gives an idea of the injury.
When we describe pain, we ask about constant and movement pains. And we ask about the character of pain; Throbbing, sunk piercing pain, blunt pain, etc.
Pain during movement
It is a type of pain due to mechanical damage. Meniscus, ligament pains, cracks, joint cartilage deterioration, such as mechanical physical deterioration pains. Sometimes mechanical pains and some diseases can happen at the same time. That's why we orthopaedic doctors want to understand if mechanical damage is painful by doing some moving tests. Thus, we would like to understand whether the inner meniscus, plica, anterior crucise ligament or kneecap cartilage are aching.
First, we note the places of point pain, the spread and severity of the pain by snyering some points with fingers or hands while at rest.
The knee joint consists of 3 compartments.
Inner compartment next to the inside of the knee, outer compartment on the outside and patellofemoral compartment on the back of the kneecap.
These compartments are evaluated separately.
Meniscus pains
There are 2 menisci; medial and lateral
Internal (medial) meniscus ruptures happen along the line where the knee joint bends between the two bones; lateral meniscus pains are on the outer side joint line.
If you want to test for meniscus pain, rotate your body on one foot on the right and left knee while the knee is half bent and the foot is in a stable position; Pain usually points to a meniscus tear or cartilage wound.
Cartilage aches cartilage 
Cartilage has few if not nerve fibers. So pain arosing from cartilage wounds have different mechanisms.
•    Load-bearing cartilage: The most important cartilage area of the knee is the cartilage region in the middle of the knee joint, which carries the load directly as it walks down the straight path. It is possible to manually point these points in the knee bent position and the increase in pain warns us of cartilage damage.
•    Kneecap cartilage: there are more on the stairs up and down, getting up from the chair, praying and on the slopes.
•    Cartilage fracture or separation: there is considerable swelling in the knee, it can be difficult to extend the knee straight, sometimes the knee locks.
Resting pains
There is a tension, fullness and constant pain due to increased pressure when there is a bleeding or a fluid collection into the knee joint for whatever reason. The knee cannot be fully stretched, it remains slightly bent.
Other than that, the ongoing pains without being hereked point to serious diseases. The most common resting pain is arthrosis pain, which is called knee calcification. In addition, gout, infection, tumors also cause resting pain.
Emergency pains: Is there a dangerous situation?
1. Infection (inflammation and abscess formation within the knee joint- septic arthritis or pyogenic arthritis):
It is important to distinguish this pain from others. Tapping the string increases the severity of the pain and they do not want to touch it. There may be general state of resentment, reluctance, fever, chills due to infection in the body. Moving the knee is very painful Especially in children and the elderly in case of such pain should be applied to the hospital without delay. Infection pain is usually severe, swelling occurs just above the kneecap, there may be redness around the knee, there may be this rash in the elderly or in people with low immune systems. There may also be no severe pain in those with neurological disease or severe diabetes.
In case of such knee pain, a doctor should be consulted without wasting time.
2. Fracture pain:
Severe trauma-related fracture often does not execute the patient and makes severe pain. It is not possible to bend and open the array,
Sometimes an unslipping fracture or crack may not cause much pain and the person can walk. Insufficiency fractures, bone weakness-related fractures or unslid fractures due to sudden pulling of ligaments can create a feeling of dent in the first place. They are seen in an MRI or CT scan on the increase of pain within a day or two. We can't see these fractures on x-rays for the first two weeks.
3. Ligament Pain:
In ligament injuries, there is an une accustomed feeling of emptiness and insecurity in the knee joint. The more you step, the more it feels like your knee joint is going to slip, it's going to come out. Whichever ligament breaks is a deviation in the knee according to the lack of that ligament when walking. While the pain is very severe at first, after 2 weeks the ligament rupture becomes relatively painless, but the feeling of insecurity and slippage do not pass.
4. Tumor Pains:
Although it changes according to the type and place of the tumor, it is more constant, disturbing, blunt and sometimes pulsating pain. Tumor pains are the first of the pains that wake you from sleep. Such pain often responds little to painkillers. On the other hand, a type of benign tumor called osteoid osteoma responds very well to aspirin, although the pain is very sharp. With an aspirin or ibuprofen, the world becomes your patient. Bone tumors are most common in the body around the joint, around the knee joint. Although many of these are benign, early diagnosis is very important because there is a lot of quality of life and time spent recovering.
Long-term pains
In the hope that one day will pass, the end of the pain, which is left to its own in the family of life, avoided active treatment, and when there are a number of medications or pain with passive treatment, hot, cold and under-walking pain is not expected by the patient, but naturally it is not very good as expected. The majority of such pain is due to the wear disease of the knee joint called osteoarthritis. When you look at the knees of some older people you may see a shear and skew. It's natural because he's old. It may not be understood how a child who grew up next to you grew up so much, or how a belly that grew slowly for years could not be understood, as well as slowly insidious wear on the knees. Especially if there is no sport, only simple walking movement, the pain occurs late. On the other hand, it is important to think about the elderly who are not like this. I mean, what did those who didn't have knee pain do, or didn't, and their joints stay healthy? People want to give millions of dollars to answer that question, and they did. Now that it is known not to do and what needs to be done, it is important to implement them in a timely way. I can hear you thinking it's genetic effects?! Yes, genetics is very important, harmony with the environment is important, what is done in childhood and youth is important and their effects are known. Genetically, it is also known that a knee will be easily eroded and timely measures can be taken. It is practically possible to do this. Only planning and follow-up are important. With a painful knee, it is difficult to avoid boredom only with treatments for pain. With conscious exercises, it should always be tried to stay vigorous and strong. Healthy eating is essential. As tissue repair slows down in smokers, cartilage damage remains beyond estimates.
If we want to grow up healthy and live every moment with quality and as little pain as possible, it is imperative that we pay attention to exercise, nutritional balances.

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